VIT 370 - Twist Tester

Twist Tester, to determine yarn twist in single or plied yarns, quadrant type with auto stop & reverse for conventional or untwist/re-twist methods.
Twist tester offers adjustable test length up to 500mm/20 inches for S & Z twist yarns, and inching function helps operator to get an esteemed twist quickly. Test result in TPI / TPM is directly displayed on the touch screen.

ISO 2061, ASTM D1422/1423, BS 2085, DIN 53832, IWTO 25-70

220 /110 V 50/60 Hz

25 Kg

1020 x 360 x 360 mm (L x W x H)

importance of twist in yarn

The twist of yarn not only affects the yarn strength, but also the color accuracy after dyeing and fluffy degree of cheese yarn. Therefore, it is advised that the rate of rewinding is to be adjusted according to relatively high twisting in yarn to prolong the time of the cheese yarn dyeing process, which leads to higher average speed of yarn dyeing. Hank dyeing is an important stage of yarn dyeing process. Higher yarn twist will lead to more shrinkage under hot and humid conditions. Thus, increases the linear density of yarn.

yarn twist definition

Yarn twist is defined by the degree of tightness applied to the fiber and it is normally measured by the number of twist(1 twist is equivalent to 360° of travelled fiber) of unit length. Generally, the unit length for staple yarn is “10cm”, and the length ratio is “1m”. The higher the umber of twist in a particular length, the higher the yarn twist, which results in greater tightness among the fibers(Table 1).

Twist Tester

yarn twist test method

1.Experiment Apparatus and Material

TY370  Yarn Twist Machine, and Types of Yarns.

2.Testing Method

(1)Preparation for Specimen

Firstly, out the specimen under standard atmosphere(For non-arbitration experiment, Grade 2 standard atmosphere is applicable) for at least 16 hours. Pick 1 spline type for the longitude and 5 spline types for the latitude. The length for specimen should be at least 70~80mm longer compared to experimental length and the width should be appropriate for the number of yarns during the experiment(Table 2). For the condition of using more than 1 type of spline, the number of yarns for different combination of spline types are mostly the same. If a particular accuracy is intended, the lowest number of testing should be set according to statistics. For yarns containing sizing or other non-fiber specimens, certain preparatory works can be done for the convenience of untwisting. For printed fabric, the dyed part should be avoided.

Twist Tester

  • yarn twist test procedure
  1. Unweave a yarn with the length of approximately 100mm and place it vertically. Observe the twist pattern by paying attention to the direction of the helix pattern. For the pattern same as the middle part of figure “S”, it is called the yarn twist s; For the pattern of the middle part of figure “Z”, it is called the yarn twist z.
  2. Without causing unintentional stretching and untwisting in the yarn, Unweave the yarn by pulling it out at one end from the side of the specimen. Use the grip to fix one end of the yarn. Before fixing the other end, make sure that the yarn is under proper tension(Table 3).

Twist Tester

  1. Rotate the twisting grip to untwist the yarn until all the fibers of the yarn are in parallel among each other or until the all the yarns in of the strand are separated.
  2. Record the number of untwisting rotation.
  3. Weave the yarn from the specimen and repeat the previous steps until the desired number of yarns for the experiment is achieved.

If the testing of yarn twist of the yarn in the strand(Filament or Staple yarn) is required, the stretching tension can be calculated according to the linear density of the yarn; Next, adjust the tension. Remove the unwanted yarns and adjust the lengths of the yarns to be tested by referring to Table 2; Follow the steps mentioned above to carry out the test. According to the test results, calculate the longitudinal and latitudinal values of the average twist should be calculated separately (to the nearest whole number).

Twist Tester

  • Touch screen
  • 4 test methods direct counting, untwist/re-twist,
    3- times untwist/re-twist method, etc.
  • Length of specimen 10 ~ 500mm adjustable
  • Twist speed 100 ~ 1900 rpm
  • Yarn count range 1 ~ 499.9 tex
  • Units TPM / TPI
  • Twist range 9999 twists
  • printer is offered on request